computer history and generation

Table of Contents

 History and Evolution of Computers


The advancement of PCs followed the development of society during the twentieth and 21st hundreds of years. In any case, the historical backdrop of the PC didn’t start just in advancement.

Recollect that PCs are electronic gadgets that get, store and produce data consequently.

They are important for our regular routines, and the quantity of PCs utilized on the planet is expanding.


Computer History

 “PC” comes from the action word “to figure” which, thus, signifies “to work out”. Subsequently, we can believe that the making of PCs starts in old times, since the relationship of counting previously captivated men.

Subsequently, one of the chief handling machines was the “math gadget”, a mechanical instrument of Chinese starting made in the fifth century BC .


In this manner, he is viewed as the “primary PC”, a sort of mini-computer that performed logarithmic tasks.

In the seventeenth 100 years, the Scottish mathematician John Napier was liable for the development of the “computation ruler”. It is the main simple counting instrument fit for performing logarithmic computations. This advancement was seen as the mother of current number crunchers..

This German mathematician fostered the primary present day parallel numbering framework which became known as the “Leibniz Wheel”.


The primary programmable mechanical machine was presented by French mathematician Joseph-Marie Jacquard. It was a kind of loom equipped for controlling the creation of textures through punctured cards.

 George Boole (1815-1864) was one of the originators behind numerical rationale. This new area of science has turned into an integral asset in the plan and investigation of electronic circuits and PC engineering.

 In the nineteenth hundred years, the English mathematician Charles Babbage made a logical motor that, generally talking, is contrasted with the ongoing PC with memory and projects.

Through this turn of events, a couple of scientists consider him the “Father of Informatics”

Accordingly, figuring machines were progressively including the range of numerical computations (expansion, deduction, division, augmentation, square root, logarithms, and so on).


 These days it is feasible to find extremely complex figuring machines.

Advancement of Computers

The PC, as far as we might be concerned today, has gone through a few changes and has been working on over the long run, following the progression of the areas of science, designing, gadgets. That is the reason there isn’t only one innovator.

 As per the frameworks and apparatuses utilized, the historical backdrop of processing is separated into four periods.

First Generation (1951-1959)

Original PCs managed electronic circuits and vacuum tubes. They had restricted use, as well as being monstrous and consuming a lot of energy


A model is the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) which consumed around 200 kilowatts and had 19,000 valves.

Second Generation (1959-1965)

 Still with extremely huge aspects, second era PCs managed semiconductors, which supplanted valves that were bigger and more slow. During this period, business use started to spread.


Third Generation (1965-1975)

Third-age PCs ran on incorporated circuits. These supplanted semiconductors and right now had a more modest aspect and more noteworthy handling limit.

It was during this period that chips were made and the utilization of PCs started. 

Fourth Generation (1975-present day)


With the advancement of data innovation, PCs decline in size, speed up and information handling limit. Chip with progressively lower power utilization are incorporated.

 In this period, all the more exactly from the 90’s, there is an extraordinary extension of PCs.

fourth generation computer


 In addition, integrated software appears and from the turn of the millennium, handheld computers begin to appear.  That is, smartphones, iPod, iPad and tablets, which include mobile connection with web browsing .

As per the arrangement above, we have a place with the fourth era of PCs, which has uncovered a unimaginable development in data frameworks.

Note that before the advancement of PCs happened all the more leisurely. With the improvement of society we can see the development of these machines in days or months.

A few researchers like to add the “Fifth Generation of Computers” with the presence of supercomputers, utilized by huge companies like NASA . 

 In this generation, it is possible to assess the evolution of multimedia technology, robotics and the internet.


 Digital inclusion

Digital inclusion is a concept that determines access to contemporary digital media and tools, such as the internet.

 Thus, it aims at the democratization of technology from the possibility of producing and disseminating knowledge to all citizens.

 Did you know ?


 Information Technology Day is celebrated on August 15th, the date that marks the emergence of the first electronic digital computer, the ENIAC.

Raja Arslan

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